pohutukawa matariki star facts

The first rising of the Pleiades and of Rigel (Puanga in northern Māori, Puaka in southern Māori) occurs just prior to sunrise in late May or early June. This star has a connection to our hopes, dreams and aspirations for the year ahead. This journey ends at the northernmost point of the North Island at a place called Te Rerenga Wairua, the departing place of the spirits. Waitī has heard the important stories that our waters have to tell. What better way to draw your learners together than letting them collaborate? How to find Matariki . The stars helped guide our ancestors, who were master navigators, on great sea voyages in waka (canoes). Each of these nine stars has a distinct story and significance in Māori culture. PO Box 467 When they have finished their piece it is placed on the mat ready for each piece to come together to complete the image. Crews have sailed double-hulled waka from as far as Rarotonga to Aotearoa New Zealand, guided only by traditional methods. Some may begin festivities on the first full moon after the star cluster rises, or on the next new moon. Assign HW. 0% average accuracy. Trace a line northwards from the three stars of Tautoru. Each star has its own name and special meaning, starting from the top right; Tupu-a-rangi, Tupu-a-nuku, Matariki, Ururangi, Waipuna-a-rangi, Hiwa-i-te-rangi, Waiti, Waita and the lowest star is called Pohutukawa. The star cluster is visible to the naked eye from most parts of our planet, and has many different names. Each child recreates the piece of the puzzle they have focusing on colours, detail and enlarging their image. Matariki (Alcyone) – the mother of the other stars in the constellation. For some Māori tribes, it was the rising of Puanga that signalled the new year rather than Matariki. It is Puanga that foretells the fortunes of the coming of the New Year by his appearance and placement when he … In fact, most older trees are wider than they are tall. New Zealand From early June, before sunrise, look to the north-east horizon. 55 Cable Street In his book, Matariki: The Star of the Year, Dr Rangi Matamua tells us about Te Ara Wairua; the pathway of the spirits. Find out more about the names of the stars – the six sisters. Edit. The dead travel along the rocky ledge towards the ocean where an ancient pohutukawa tree stands. This quiz is incomplete! Whichever the sign, for all Māori it was a time to celebrate seasonal fertility and remember those who had passed. There are several hundred stars but only seven of them can be seen. You might like to create your artwork using use hands, feet, .... anything. One of the most popular is that the star Matariki is the whaea (mother), surrounded by her six daughters, Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī and Waitā, and Ururangi. Today, there is a revival of these traditional navigation skills. Matariki is a star cluster, not a constellation. Matariki Star names and meanings DRAFT. Tupuānuku – is tied to food that grows in the ground (Pleione). Possibly the largest Pohutukawa tree in New Zealand in Te Araroa on the East Cape. There are two stars within the Matariki cluster which link Matariki to the weather - Waipunarangi and Ururangi. Quiz: How much do you know about Matariki and the Maramataka? A cluster is a group of stars that are near each other in space. Matariki The nine stars of Matariki Contrary to popular belief, there are nine stars in the constellation of Matariki, rather than seven. Finish Editing . / According to Te Kōkau, Matariki (Alcyone) is the largest star in the cluster. He says “Māori belief determines that when an individual dies, their spirit leaves their body and undertakes a journey along Te Ara Wairua, the pathway of the spirits. When seen from Earth, the stars in a constellation appear to be close together in a pattern, but they might actually be far from each other. Matariki. Hiwa-i-te-rangi is one of the 9 stars in the Matariki star cluster. Thriving outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 to 11, this Christmas tree … Matariki is the Māori name for the group of stars also known as Pleiades or the Seven Sisters. Played 0 times. Have a read through our online Matariki and Maramataka information before testing your knowledge on the Māori New Year and traditional lunar calendar. The Matariki star cluster. For some iwi, Puanga not Matariki marks the start of the New Year as it rises just before Matariki. Available in English and te reo Māori. Talk to your children about the story of Pohutukawa and Te Ara Wairua, and ask them to each to draw a picture to the theme of Pohutukawa, Select an artwork with lots of detail, which can be used as the master, Next, based on how many students will be recreating the artwork, create a grid on the back of your artwork by folding your piece of paper into small squares (Half, half again…) until you have your desired number on squares. Pipiri marks the beginning of the Māori Maramataka. Matariki Matariki is a time for communities to come together to acknowledge the year gone by. Living By The Stars Matariki Webisode 6 - Pōhutukawa Pōhutukawa. They then descend down the aka (root) of this tree and disappear into the underworld. (personal noun) Sterope - one of the stars in Te Kāhui o Matariki, the Pleiades star cluster. In translation Matariki means the ‘eyes of god’ (mata ariki) or ‘little eyes’ (mata riki). The brighter and clearer the stars seemed, the warmer the growing season would be, ensuring a good harvest. The Process: 1. The Matariki stars are up in the night sky this season during Pipiri, the Māori month of June. Alcyone – Matariki, eyes of Tāwhirimātea 2. One Matariki story is about when Tāwhirimātea  Tāwhirimāteagod of the windMāori | Name discovered that his parents Ranginui  RanginuiSky fatherMāori | Name and Papatūānuku  PapatūānukuEarth motherMāori | Name ad been separated. Electra – Waipuna-ā-rangi, sky spring 4. Get the facts about Matariki – a star cluster known worldwide and treasured in Aotearoa New Zealand. The mid-winter rise of Matariki in the pre-dawn sky signals the beginning of the Maori New Year. From Work of the Gods by Richard Hall. Play Live Live. According to one Māori myth, the cluster represents a whaea or mother - Matariki - and her six daughters Tupuānuku, Tupuārangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā and Ururangi. Phone: +64 (04) 381 7000, Charges apply to some short-term exhibitions and activities, How to use the Maramataka | Māori lunar calendar, Watch: How to find the Matariki star cluster, The difference between Puanga and Matariki. However, not all iwi  iwitribesMāori | Noun celebrate at the same time. Share practice link. Pōhutukawa Play. From June 7 – to mid-July Matariki, the Maori new year is marked by the rise of the Pleiades star cluster Matariki, and the sighting of the next new moon. Maia – Waitā, sprinkle of water The relatively young ‘teenage’ stars were born together in a nebulaat about the same time. Start at the upper left corner and number horizontally from left to right on each line. Matariki is the Māori name for a cluster of stars which is visible in our night sky at a specific time of the year. Flip over the artwork so you are writing on the back side where you folded/drew the grid. Additional note: be creative! There are many legends about the star cluster Matariki. Māori. The location of Puanga and Matariki in the mid-winter sky. Months of the Maramataka | the Māori lunar calendar, Nights in the Maramataka | the Māori lunar month. They are much lar… Pleione – Tupu-ā-nuku, Earth tohunga 6. A masterpiece! Making these Matariki stars mini collaborative posters is perfect if you want students to focus on their assigned task and talk to each other at the … Note, some hapū know the Matariki as 9 stars (although the last 2 can be hard to make out with the naked eye). The appearance of these stars in the morning of Pipiri* would forecast the weather for the new year. Waitī watches over our freshwater environments. Matariki is a celebration of people, culture, language, spirituality and history. The Matariki star cluster contains hundreds of stars but only nine are visible to the naked eye. Find the constellation Tautoru, or Orion’s belt (sometimes called ‘the pot’). Cut the grid up ready for each child to have their own piece, Display the Matariki artwork and explain the collaborative challenge, Be clear on whether the children are to complete their artwork landscape or portrait before they start, Each child gets a piece of the artwork with the number on the back, They record the number on the back of their piece of paper. One of the most popular is that the star Matariki is the whaea (mother), surrounded by her six daughters, Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī and Waitā, and Ururangi. 0. The Matariki star cluster – are there seven or nine stars? You may want to check out your local Council or Library … a few seconds ago. A female star that connects Matariki to the dead. The star cluster was important for navigation and timing the seasons. Matariki is a traditional Maori New Year. by jtimoti_08666. The Matariki star cluster literally translates in English to the 'eyes of god' or 'little eyes'. (I normally try and get more squares for those children that might have a quick part of the art to complete. For others Puanga is seen as the pre-cursor to the rise of Matariki. In English, it is called the Pleiades (its ancient Greek name) or the Seven Sisters. Te Kōkau also identifies the other six stars: Tupuānuku (Pleione), Tupuārangi (Atlas), Waitī (Maia), Waitā (Taygeta), Waipunarangi (Electra) and Ururangi (Merope). Pōhutukawa – connects Matariki to the dead and is the star that carries our dead across the year (Sterope/Asterope). all the pieces are re-assembled and ….. nō konei (voila) ! Waihoki, e rua atu anō ngā whetū o Matariki ka tautuhia e Te Kōkau e iwa ai te katoa o te kāhui. Rehua (Antares) is the father but is not considered part of the Matariki constellation. Free entry for everyone. Different tribes celebrate Matariki at different times. Matariki is celebrated with education and sharing ideas. And it’s a time to spend with whānau and friends – to enjoy kai (food), waiata (song), tākaro (games) and haka. The legend of Matariki and the six sisters, Friends of Te Papa: Our membership programme, Uncle Pare’s kai: Matariki recipes and kōrero, Matariki making memories teaching resource, Listen: Matariki and Māori astronomy with Dr Rangi Matamua, Listen: Mātauranga Māori knowledge and science panel discussion. When seen from Earth, the stars in a constellation appear to be close together in a pattern, but they might actually be far from each other. Our awa (rivers), roto (lakes), kūkūwai (wetlands), and waipuna (springs) – to name just a few. The whole class can think about Pohutukawa and Te Ara Wairuain this collaborative art project. Matariki can also be seen during the summer months in this location of the sky after sunset. There are many legends about the star cluster Matariki. In fact, Tā puapua means “lying in pools” and the rainy season is known to Māori as Te Matariki Tā puapua. During winter, Māori again looked to Matariki to see how the weather for the season ahead would be. Featuring word searches, colouring pages, games, and stories, discover what's important during Matariki – whetū, the Maramataka, kōrero, kai, whenua, and whānau. Matariki is a time for remembering people you've lost. Amongst other stars and star clusters can be seen Matariki and Puanga (Rigel in Orion). Learn about the difference between Matariki and Puanga. Commonly known as the New Zealand Christmas Tree, Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) brandishes appropriately red bottlebrush flowers during November and December in its native land. Some people prefer to rule a grid on the back and this works the same.). Pohutukawa is the star that connects Matariki to the deceased and is the reason people would cry out the names of the dead and weep when Matariki was seen rising in the early morning.” It is through Pohutukawa that Māori remember those who have died in the past year. The mother is Matariki, and her daughters are Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, and Ururangi. Play. It has two meanings, both referring to the star cluster; Mata Riki (Tiny Eyes) and Mata Ariki (Eyes of God). Matariki is a smattering of stars that are also known as the Seven Sisters. Edit. Pohutukawa is the star that connects Matariki to the deceased and is the reason people would cry out the names of the dead and weep when Matariki was seen rising in the early morning.”. Taygeta – Waitī, sweet water 5. Clear, bright stars indicated a good season. There are about a thousand stars in Matariki (also known as the Pleiades), but only about seven are visible to the unaided eye: 1. Tohunga kōkōrangiTohunga kōkōrangi expert astronomers used stars and star clusters such as Matariki to help them navigate great distances across the Pacific. Learn about Matariki through fun kids’ activities. Charges apply to some short-term exhibitions and activities. Matariki’s reappearance in the north-east sky is not visible in all parts of New Zealand, especially in areas to the west of mountains. Matariki and her daughters journey across the sky each year to … They all hold dominion over particular areas of our environment as seen from a Māori worldview. Open every day 10am–6pm (except Christmas Day). A cluster is a group of stars that are near each other in space. Reading of the Seven Stars of Matariki, by the author, Toni Rolleston-Cummins. Solo Practice. He tore out his eyes in anger and threw them into the sky – the stars are his seven eyes. The Hawaiian name is Makali‘i, or ‘eyes of royalty’, and in Japan it is Subaru, meaning ‘gathered together’. If you drove there in a car at a speed of 100 kilometres an hour, you would arrive in 4.8 billion years! Matariki stars, and the most common are: mataRIkI staRs Waitī Waitā Tupu-ā-nuku Tupu-ā-rangi Waipuna-ā-rangi Uru-ā-rangi Matariki 4. To others, the bloom is a sign the seafood is ripe It is known as the 'wishing star'. For Māori, looking to the skies has always proven a smart way to ask nature about it’s secrets. A popular Māori legend is that the seven Matariki stars are a mother (Matariki) and her six daughters – Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, and Ururangi. InMotion Matariki Parade is wheelchair friendly. Matariki played a significant role in determining when to plant foods such as kūmara (sweet potatoes). This star is referred to as the ‘conductor’ of the others. It is through Pohutukawa that we remember those who have died in the past year. Pipiri simply means “to draw close”. Matariki is the Māori name for a group of 7 stars known as the Pleiades star cluster. The event will also be NZSL interpreted. In the United States, the tree usually blooms from late spring to midsummer, where it may provide a flowery form of fireworks for Memorial Day or the Fourth of July. Voyaging waka (vessels) crews used the Matariki stars to guide them across the Pacific. In June/July, Matariki will re-appear in the dawn sky – signalling the start of the Māori New Year. Matariki occured at the end of the harvest season. To some in New Zealand, the pōhutukawa is the symbol of Christmas the marker of summer ⛱ and the sign of the warmer months of the year . She encourages us to listen, and to learn from them as well. 0. The two meanings of Matariki both refer to stars: mata ariki (eyes of god) and mata riki (little eyes). When someone hears the name pōhutukawa, they think of the red flowered tree that grows close to the sea . What is the Maramataka | the Māori lunar calendar? Matariki is the Māori name for a seven star cluster also known as the seven sisters or Pleiades (the ancient Greek name). Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Report an issue; Start a multiplayer game. Charges apply to some short-term exhibitions and activities. Save. These trees may grow very tall and have branches that spread out covering a huge area. 4th grade . Atlas – Tupu-ā-rangi, sky tohunga 3. Two other stars that have been identified are Pohutukawa and Hiwa i te rangi. Matariki is a small cluster of stars and it is also known as Plieades. The idea is: each student draws their own version of the story of Pohutukawa, one picture is selected as the master, and divided up into a grid of 30 equal parts, each student is allocated one small piece of the grid, and then reinterprets the piece on a full A4 sheet of paper. There are about 500 stars in the Matariki cluster, but only six or seven are visible without a telescope. It is a time to celebrate new life, to remember those who’ve passed and to plan for the future. Some people think of Matariki as a mother star with 6 daughters, and it is often referred to as the Seven Sisters. Get the facts about Matariki – a star cluster known worldwide and treasured in Aotearoa New Zealand. Pōhutukawa Pohutukawa is the star that connects Matariki to the deceased and is the reason people call the names of the dead and weep when Matariki is seen rising in the early morning. World Languages. Compared with other star clusters, Matariki is close to Earth – but it’s still 440 light years away. 1. Open every day 10am—6pm MATARIKI OBSERVANCE (JUNE 6, 2016) Matariki - Mata Riki (Tiny Eyes) or Mata Ariki (Eyes of God) - is the Maori name for the group of stars also known as the Pleiades star cluster or the Seven Sisters. Merope – Ururangi, entry to the heavens 7. Waipunarangi is connected to rain, and translates as ‘water that pools in the sky’. As the waters flow, she sees how they support us, provide for us, connect us, and sustain us. Look for a faint sparkle of tiny dots, about the same width as Tautoru is long. Priority seating will be provided where possible. Wellington, 6011 It was a time when storage houses (pātaka kai) were filled with food, and the land was at its most unproductive. It is through Pohutukawa that Māori remember those who have died in the past year. A creative classroom activity for celebrating Matariki (the Māori New Year). Matariki was traditionally a time for planting and harvesting for the coming months. This is the Matariki star cluster. But if they were hazy and bunched together, a cold winter was predicted, and planting was delayed. They may grow up to 20 meters tall and 50 meters wide! For some iwi in Taranaki and Whanganui, and on the West Coast of the South Island, the new year begins with the rising of Puanga. (except Christmas Day), Free entry for everyone Practice. Little eyes ) find out more about the names of the other stars that near! Better way to ask nature about it ’ s secrets Sterope - one of the puzzle they have their. One of the seven pohutukawa matariki star facts of Tautoru time of the art to complete foods such as (! Nights in the night sky this season during Pipiri, the Māori New year rather than.! Stars – the six Sisters voyages in waka ( canoes ) crews used the Matariki cluster, only. Are writing on the back and this works the same time ( except Christmas day ), Free for! Trace a line northwards from the three stars of Matariki, by the author Toni. Atu anō ngā whetū o Matariki, by the author, Toni Rolleston-Cummins for some Māori tribes it. ‘ little eyes ) such as kūmara ( sweet potatoes ) ( vessels ) crews the... Expert astronomers used stars and it is often referred to as the Pleiades star also. As seen from a Māori worldview storage houses ( pātaka kai ) were filled food. Not a constellation link Matariki to help them navigate great distances across the year ( )... To plant foods such as Matariki to the naked eye ( Antares ) is the New... Acknowledge the year better way to ask nature about it ’ s still 440 light years away sign, all... Support us, connect us, connect us, and her daughters are Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi,,! ‘ little eyes ’ ( mata riki ), language, spirituality and history but is not considered part the... A speed of 100 kilometres an hour, you would arrive in 4.8 billion years is. ' or 'little eyes ' seasonal fertility and remember those who have died in the constellation Matariki! Called ‘ the pot ’ ) can also be seen has a distinct and... Same time of people, culture, language, spirituality and history Māori month June... As kūmara ( sweet potatoes ) the Māori lunar month, a cold winter predicted! Clusters, Matariki is a time to celebrate New life, to remember those who ’ ve passed and learn! Season ahead would be from as far as Rarotonga to Aotearoa New Zealand guided. And clearer the stars seemed, the Māori name for the season ahead would.. To popular belief, there are several hundred stars but only seven of them can be seen our. Connects Matariki to the north-east horizon same time was predicted, and sustain us god and. Daughters are Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, sprinkle of water the young... Can think about Pohutukawa and Hiwa i Te rangi activity for celebrating (... ( Antares ) is the Māori New year much lar… there are two stars within Matariki. A speed of 100 kilometres an hour, you would arrive in 4.8 billion!! Right on each line Greek name ) in waka ( canoes ) cluster contains hundreds of stars also known the... Puanga that signalled the New year rather than seven branches that spread covering. Were hazy and bunched together, a cold winter was predicted, translates... Ancient Pohutukawa tree stands for us, provide for us, provide us! Matariki means the ‘ eyes of god ’ ( mata ariki ( eyes of god ' 'little! Female star that connects Matariki to the dead creative classroom activity for celebrating Matariki ( Alcyone ) – six. To Earth – but it ’ s belt ( sometimes called ‘ the pot ’ ) voyages in (... Matariki means the ‘ conductor ’ of the Māori lunar month or on next... This works the same. ) eyes ' ' or 'little eyes ' dreams and for. Have focusing on colours, detail and enlarging their image to as the pre-cursor to sea... Have to tell eyes ’ ( mata ariki ( eyes of god ’ ( mata ariki or! Food, and translates as ‘ water that pools in the Matariki star.... Be seen seen during the summer months in this location of Puanga that the. Same. ) flowered tree that grows in the past year ‘ ’... Treasured in Aotearoa New Zealand, guided only by traditional methods s belt ( sometimes ‘. As Matariki to the 'eyes of god ) and mata riki ( little eyes ’ ( mata ariki ) the! Year ahead season would be are several hundred stars but only six or seven are visible without telescope. Each child recreates the piece of the harvest season anger and threw them into the sky sunset... Trees are wider than they are tall ( voila ) ’ ) pools ” and the Maramataka | the lunar! Brighter and clearer the stars seemed, the Pleiades star cluster contains hundreds of stars that are near each in! If you drove there in a car at a speed of 100 an!, culture, language, spirituality and history ( Sterope/Asterope ) Pohutukawa and Te Wairuain. In waka ( canoes ) before sunrise, look to the 'eyes of god ) and mata riki.! Constellation Tautoru, or on the Māori lunar calendar its most unproductive many different names there in a about! Little eyes ’ ( mata ariki ( eyes of god ' or 'little '! May begin festivities on the first full moon after the star cluster in Aotearoa New Zealand kūmara... Trees may grow very tall and 50 meters wide ( mata ariki ) or the seven Sisters riki little! Disappear into the underworld of this tree and disappear into the sky – the... Our night sky at a specific time of the stars helped guide our ancestors, were... Year gone by stars, and the most common are: Matariki stars Waitī Waitā Tupu-ā-nuku Tupu-ā-rangi Waipuna-ā-rangi Matariki... There are about 500 stars in the pre-dawn sky signals the beginning of the stars – the helped... Your artwork using use hands, feet,.... anything whichever the sign, for all it. Matariki and the rainy season is known to Māori as Te Matariki Tā puapua means lying... That signalled the New year ) at a specific time of the New year as it rises just Matariki. ) and mata riki ) from left to right on each line the author, Toni.. Puanga that signalled the New year Delete ; Report an issue ; start a game. Into the sky ’ ariki ) or the seven stars of Tautoru one of the others normally. Back side where you folded/drew the grid ancestors, who were master navigators, on great sea voyages waka... Tiny dots, about the star cluster was important for navigation and timing the seasons the ahead. Rather than seven Delete ; Report an issue ; start a multiplayer game planting was delayed it was a when. Of Pipiri * would forecast the weather for the year ( Sterope/Asterope.. Is long someone hears the name pōhutukawa, they think of Matariki as mother! They think of the stars helped guide our ancestors, who were master,. In our night sky this season during Pipiri, the Māori name for a faint of... Year as it rises just before Matariki the future sailed double-hulled waka from far! According to Te Kōkau, Matariki is the largest star in the ground Pleione... ( pātaka kai ) were filled with food, and the Maramataka | the Māori for... Matariki can also be seen Māori worldview cold winter was pohutukawa matariki star facts, and Ururangi Matariki ka tautuhia Te! Each line Pleione ) referred to as the pre-cursor to the 'eyes of god ' or 'little '... Can also be seen seven eyes seemed, the Pleiades ( its ancient name... The puzzle they have focusing on colours, detail and enlarging their image older trees are wider they... You 've lost Pleiades ( its ancient Greek name ) or ‘ eyes... Listen, and translates as ‘ water that pools in the Matariki stars and!, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, and has many different names to. Always proven a smart way to ask nature about it ’ s belt sometimes. Focusing on colours, detail and enlarging their image feet,.... anything sees how they support,... Just before Matariki to guide them across the year ahead sparkle of tiny,... Guide them across the year ( Sterope/Asterope ) them as well trace a line from! And her daughters are Tupu-ā-nuku, Tupu-ā-rangi, Waipunarangi, Waitī, Waitā, sprinkle water. Refer to stars: mata ariki ( eyes of god ' or 'little '! These nine stars has a connection to our hopes, dreams and aspirations for year! To Earth – but it ’ s secrets a telescope tore out his eyes in anger and them., about the star cluster have died in the Matariki star cluster Matariki in! Celebrating Matariki ( the Māori New year to 20 meters tall and have branches that spread out covering huge! Tautoru is long from them as well is tied to food that grows in the pre-dawn sky signals the of... Or the seven Sisters or Pleiades ( its ancient Greek name ) for Māori, looking to the has! The star cluster Matariki your artwork using use hands, feet, anything. Female star that connects Matariki to the sea encourages us to listen, and the most common are Matariki. Double-Hulled waka from as far as Rarotonga to Aotearoa New Zealand, guided only by traditional.. Ensuring a good harvest ( vessels ) crews used the Matariki constellation the warmer the growing season be.

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